Aquarium: care and maintenance for beginners
Keeping fish in a clean and well maintained tank is the responsibility of everyone who wants to have floating pets. Improper care of the aquarium will lead to poor health of the fish, a disturbance in biological balance and, ultimately, the death of pets.
Caring for fish in the aquarium is divided into daily and weekly.
The owner of the fish every day should be given to residents of a miniature reservoir 15-20 minutes of time.
The list of mandatory manipulations includes:
Checking the tightness of the walls and the health of the installed equipment. Examine the glass for cracks and sagging. Make sure that the backlight is working and that air enters the water from the aerator. The thermometer should show the correct temperature, and the difference in water temperature near the surface and near the ground should not exceed 3 degrees.
Inspection of the reservoir for the presence of algae, the appearance of signs of flowering water or its turbidity.
Feeding. Daily, 1-2 times a day at the scheduled time. Fish are prone to overeating, which can lead to their death, so watch out for the activity with which they eat food.
Inspection of freshwater inhabitants. It is produced during feeding, because at this time the majority of the inhabitants of the underwater world emerges from shelters in search of food. Healthy fish are active and mobile, they do not swing and do not compress the fins. On the body should not be spots, rashes, sores. Count the pets. If someone died, catch the corpse and find out the cause of death.
Removing feed residues. After 20 minutes after feeding, make sure that no residual feed remains on the surface of the soil. Excess can clog water and filter, they must be removed by siphon.
Dirty water is one of the probable causes of illnesses and poor health of water inhabitants. Each week, 20-30% of the volume of water in the tank should be added. The acidity, hardness and temperature of fresh water should correspond to the water in the aquarium. Previously, it should be left for 2-7 days (depending on the type of fish and the environment that suits them). Instead of settling, you can use special preparations and conditioners that bind heavy metals.
Weekly aquarium and fish care also includes:
Soil cleansing. It is carried out simultaneously with the intake of stagnant water from the aquarium using a siphon. The siphon works on the principle of a pump; it is equipped with a pipe for draining water, a pear and a funnel (cylinder) with a protective net. Running a funnel along the bottom, aquarists squeeze a pear. The liquid, together with organic residues, enters the cylinder and through the hose is in a bucket or in another container. So you can get rid of dirt from the bottom and carry out a partial intake of water.
Measure hardness and acid-base balance. In pet stores for this purpose special litmus strips are sold. They show the permanent and temporary hardness of water (DH and KH), pH balance. If the values are outside the permissible limits, take measures (it will be possible to reduce rigidity by pouring melt water into the tank, and increase it by adding baking soda).
Flushing the filter. If the water flow from the filter is weakened, the device requires cleaning. Having disassembled the filter, carefully rinse its parts under running water (if it is mechanical). If the filter is biological, chlorinated tap water will kill colonies of beneficial bacteria that cleanse the ecosystem of pet waste products. Specialists who know how to care for the aquarium are advised to rinse the filter sponge in the water drained from the aquarium.
Glass and decoration cleaning. Glass cleaning is carried out on both sides. And if on the outside the surface can be cleaned with detergents, dirt should be removed from the inside carefully. To do this, use sponges, scrapers, magnets and even plastic cards. The main thing is the lack of metal elements that can scratch the glass. Care for aquarium fish is facilitated by catfish (ancistruses, for example). They perfectly clean the walls of the tank from bacteria.
how to care for an aquarium
Aquarium: care and maintenance
Any human intervention in the life of the inhabitants of the aquarium is a real shock for the latter. It is better to combine moving decorations or replacing plants with other procedures: cleaning the glass, removing the filter, checking the aerator. Remove microscopic algae from the walls will help shell armored catfish and snails. Ototsinklusyu small fish can be entrusted with cleaning the leaves of underwater plants, and some species of cichlids successfully cope with the green coating on the stones.
Regular cleaning of equipment items is the key to their uninterrupted operation. The disassembled filter parts are brushed with a toothbrush. The sealing gum on the filter cover should be regularly lubricated with special oil. It is necessary to carefully check the condition of the nebulizers – they are often clogged due to deposits of calcium carbonate. Aerator duct hoses also require attention – over time they lose flexibility and become brittle. Compressor if installed above water level