Calcivirosis in cats and cats: symptoms and treatment
Calcivirosis is a common viral disease that affects the cat’s mouth, nose, and airways. In the process of the disease, the animal may develop ulcers on the tongue, nose, with complications, the pathology passes into arthritis, pneumonia.
Reasons and features
The causative agent of the disease is a virus, occurs against the background of:
lack of necessary vaccination;
poor ventilation of the room where the pet lives;
a large number of animals kept in small areas.
Infection occurs during direct contact of a sick animal with a healthy individual. The disease very quickly covers all cells of the body, starting from the respiratory tract, passing to the joints.
Important! The vaccine does not guarantee 100% protection against exposure to the virus. Basically, it is carried out to alleviate the symptoms and course of the disease.
Calcivirosis can reappear after full recovery, since the virus is very difficult to completely exterminate even with vaccination. He is able to mutate and take on new forms.
In kittens, the disease proceeds in an acute form and has the following symptoms:
discharge from the eyes, nose, which eventually become unpleasant;
ulcers with liquid contents in the oral, nasal area;
loss of strength, lethargy, lethargy;
diarrhea or constipation;
shortness of breath, wheezing;
single vomiting in the initial stages of the disease.
The cat quickly loses weight and if not forcibly fed, it can die from exhaustion.
Manifestations of calcivirosis are similar to herpes, gingivitis, rabies, panleukopenia, and therefore only an experienced specialist can make the correct diagnosis. It is necessary to pass a number of tests to diagnose the presence of the virus:
Analysis of urine;
general blood analysis;
Serological studies are also carried out (if necessary). If there is a danger of developing pneumonia, an X-ray examination of the lungs is performed.
The veterinarian prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics, vitamins, stimulants. Also, treatment consists in the fight against dehydration, forced feeding. If the pet completely refuses food, it is transferred to special nutrient solutions.
The treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis, the cat is transferred to the hospital in case of diagnosis of complications and the need to supply drugs invasively through a dropper. Kittens are more at risk for the complex course of the disease than adults. Therefore, babies require special attention.
Important factors that will make therapy effective:
control over the intake of water and food;
maintaining strength and increasing the immunity of a pet with the help of immunostimulants, immunomodulators: Fosprenil, Immunofan;
the selection of softer foods that will reduce pain during chewing, swallowing;
taking antibiotics (Flemoxin) 2 times a day, course – 10 days;
prevention of dehydration with the help of special solutions;
taking adaptogens, mineral complexes, vitamins;
taking antipyretic drugs Ketofen, Loxicom;
Important! It is strongly recommended that cats not give paracetamol to cats.
If pneumonia has been diagnosed, the use of additional oxygen is added to the general course of treatment. Also, daily cleaning of the mucous membranes (eyes, nose) with antibacterial agents that do not contain hormones is carried out: chloramphenicol drops, Tobrex, Tetracycline ointment. For the rehabilitation of the oral cavity using antiseptic compounds: Dentavidin, Miramistin.
Kittens that were weaned early from maternal milk or did not receive it at all, get sick longer and harder.
To avoid the risk of infection of the pet or repeated relapse, it is necessary:
reduce stress factors;
avoid increased crowding of cats in one room;
comply with hygiene rules, disinfect dishes, containment areas, personal belongings of the animal;
conduct timely vaccination;
isolation of newborn kittens from older individuals;
periodically ventilate the apartment, house.
The dosage and general course of therapy for each individual is prescribed individually, taking into account the weight, age, condition of the animal and the complexity of the course of the disease. Having noticed the first signs of the manifestation of the disease, it is urgent to consult a veterinarian and conduct a diagnosis. After recovery, in most cases, the pet becomes a carrier of the pathogenic virus and relapses are possible, which can be avoided by observing the rules of prevention.