Hair Loss in Cats: Causes and Treatment
Fluffy, shiny coat is a sign of cat health. However, any pet is prone to hair loss. There are many reasons for this: from physiological processes, to skin diseases and more severe internal pathologies. We will analyze the main diseases and situations of hair loss, symptoms associated with hair loss in cats, as well as treatment and prevention methods.
Felting in cats and cats: physiological causes
Thinning of the coat of a cat and “scattering” of hair everywhere is not always a sign of illness, although it is quite unpleasant for the owners. Wool on sofas, clothes, in plates – almost every owner of a fur coat faced this. The reasons for this are often trivial:
Moult (in spring and autumn) in cats living in apartments often drags on for 2-3 months. This is due to a violation of biorhythms and temperature conditions in the room. With abundant hair loss, the pet looks quite healthy: clean eyes, a wet nose, good appetite and normal activity.
Older cats rarely boast thick hair. They often have bald spots, long hairs remain shreds. There is nothing dangerous in this, but it is worth remembering about the increased risk of developing various diseases in older cats.
It is generally accepted that cats adapt perfectly to any situation. Few people know that fluffies have a very delicate nervous system. Any stressful situation – the departure of the owner, a long stay in the house of guests “not liked” by the pet, etc., can provoke profuse hair loss up to complete baldness. The cat can refuse the usual food, its activity decreases, and overall health worsens.
Hormonal changes and lack of vitamins in pregnant and lactating cats are manifested by baldness around the nipples. During this period, vitamin supplements and a balanced diet are especially important, which will help maintain the health of both “mothers” and her kittens.
Hair loss in cats is often due to a lack of vit. Group B. This often affects pets eating human food or cheap feed. Every cat lover should know: sausage, fried fish and food seasoned with salt and spices are categorically not suitable for cats. Such nutrition can not only provoke hair loss, but also cause severe gastrointestinal diseases and allergies.
Causes of Hair Loss: Skin Diseases
Skin diseases most often provoke focal loss of skin (bald spots). In this case, itching is accompanied by severe itching, and combs suppurate.
Parasites change the behavior of the pet – abruptly the cat begins to itch, and the intolerable itch disturbs the pet both day and night. The animal bites shreds of hair, and combs are covered with crusts. Perhaps the addition of infection (purulent crusts). A large-scale population of fleas affects the general condition: the cat is losing weight, becoming restless and angry for no reason. Even the owners themselves can suffer from fleas: insects bite their feet from the floor.
When a pet is struck by a tick, bald spots appear on the muzzle of the ears and forelegs. The foci of baldness are often located symmetrically. Severe itching leads to scratching, wounds often suppurate. You should be aware of demodicosis, a disease caused by a microscopic skin tick. Demodex usually develops in pets with weak immunity. Red patches are covered with dry scales.
An inadequate reaction of the immune system can occur when using antibiotics, household chemicals (detergents, air fresheners), plants (toxic to pets or pollen), feed components and care products (shampoos), metals and even plastic and rubber. Inflammatory foci (dermatitis) appear on the skin: the skin on the reddened areas is red, with scratches. The cat constantly itches and is irritable, often refuses food, but drinks in normal mode. Allergies can cause lacrimation, nasal congestion, and inflammation of the ears.
Feline disease caused by a fungus is dangerous to humans. On a cat, lichen looks like rounded foci with stumps of hair. Red skin is covered with scales, and the pet is constantly itching. Gradually, spots increase in size.
Inflammation of the sebaceous glands is due to a genetic predisposition. Active manifestations often occur in adolescent kittens and older individuals. Round bald spots appear on the ears, neck and head. The cat itches, exudes an unpleasant odor. Further baldness extends along the back to the tail, gray or yellowish foci are sticky. Adenitis is often confused with eczema. However, in the latter case, it is important to check the immunity, the function of the liver and the entire digestive tract.
Infection. affecting hair follicles. Initially provokes fragility of hairs in a pet. Inflamed vesicles appear on the face and neck, accompanied by itching. Folliculitis often occurs due to an allergy or infection with the immunodeficiency virus of cats.