DOMESTIC ANIMAL DISEASES THAT MAY BE TRANSMITTED TO HUMAN
From time immemorial, domestic animals were considered faithful four-legged friends of man. But before you start a pet, you should understand that it requires a lot of care, affection and care. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the risk of contracting any disease from a beloved cat or dog. But this is not scary, any disease can be prevented or prevented from occurring by regularly caring for your animal, performing all activities, and also visiting a veterinarian.
According to numerous studies, there are some diseases that can pass from a pet to a person:
Ringworm is a common disease that affects the skin caused by pathogenic fungi. Pathogens penetrate deep into the skin, and the inflammatory process begins. The carriers of the disease are dogs and cats.
When affected by ringworm, the following symptoms in animals are distinguished: red spots, hair loss in the affected area, strong tooth. First of all, the disease manifests itself on the head, ears or tail, then goes on to the rest of the body.
When affected by ringworm, the following symptoms in people are distinguished: red spots, lack of hair in the affected area.
For treatment, you will need an ointment or tablets that a specialist will prescribe.
For the purpose of prevention, regularly wash hands with soap, handle objects that a sick animal has come into contact with, maintain cleanliness in the room and conduct regular hygiene procedures, as well as consult a veterinarian for the slightest symptoms of the disease.
Roundworms are common parasites that live in cats. An animal can get infected from the milk of an infected mother, older pets eating an infected rodent.
When affected by roundworms, the following symptoms in animals are distinguished: vomiting, loose stools, constipation, discharge in the form of blood or clots, decreased appetite, irritability, apathy.
When affected by roundworms, the following symptoms in humans are distinguished: causeless cough, shortness of breath, abdominal pain, blood in the feces.
Treatment is with antiparasitic drugs for animals and humans.
In order to prevent personal hygiene and use bitter and spicy foods (garlic, olives, ginger, turmeric) in the diet.
Rabies is a viral disease that results from a bite or saliva from a sick animal. Most often it is distributed by wild animals. The pet becomes infected through saliva on the affected area of the skin or the bite of an infected beast.
In cases of rabies, the following symptoms in animals are distinguished: muscle cramps, shortness of breath, general malaise. The disease is fatal.
In cases of rabies, the following symptoms are distinguished in people: sleep disturbance, fever, pain at the site of a bite, paralysis of the limbs, and increased sensitivity to sounds and light. The duration of the disease is from five to eight days.
Pets at a young age need to be vaccinated against this disease and do it every year. A person is given a rabies vaccine after being bitten to avoid death.
Salmonellosis is an intestinal infection that occurs due to microbes of the genus Salmonella that enter the body through food. The owners should remember that you can get infected not only from a cat or dog, but also from a turtle, rodents and poultry. Animals can get this disease from malnutrition, poor quality food, plentiful dampness or poor ventilation.
Symptoms in animals are: diarrhea, dehydration.
Symptoms in humans: stool disorder, nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, fever, headaches.
In the acute course of the disease, washing the intestines and stomach, taking antibiotics and antispasmodics, and dieting are required.
In order to prevent animals, you need to vaccinate, give the birds a vitamin mixture. When handling pet cages, a person needs to wear gloves and a mask. Wash hands thoroughly.
Ornithosis is a disease that affects the lungs and nervous system. Distributors of the disease are parrots, canaries, pigeons and other domestic and wild birds. It is enough for a person to inhale dust, with the content of chlamydia in it. For people, the disease is dangerous, as it can lead to thrombosis.
With an ornithosis disease, the following symptoms are distinguished in animals: from signs of a cold to damage to the digestive and respiratory organs.
In case of ornithosis disease, the following symptoms are distinguished in people: fever, pneumonia, runny nose, muscle pain.
Treatment with antibiotics from the tetracycline group.
For the purpose of prevention, it should be remembered that washing of bird cells must be carried out with gloves and a mask. If symptoms are found in animals, contact your veterinarian.
Leptospirosis is a disease that can be obtained by drinking or bathing animals in natural waters. A person can become infected through the saliva or urine of an unhealthy animal.
Symptoms of the disease in animals: damage to the liver and kidneys, paralysis, violation of the lining of the eye.
Symptoms of the disease in humans: