HOW TO CARE FOR HOME RODENTS
Someone gets a cat, a dog or a parrot, someone likes to mess with rodents. They, like other pets, need careful care and special attention.
Despite the fact that rats are unpretentious animals and the living conditions are not important to them, nevertheless, certain rules for caring for them should be followed. Of course, a pet needs to be properly fed and watered, its cage removed, but also light and temperature conditions must be created, occasionally bathe, cut nails, and comb. For bathing they sell special shampoos that eliminate the unpleasant odor from the animal. You can get them at any veterinary pharmacy. By following all these simple recommendations for caring for your animal, you will notice that it will grow healthy, fun and active.
Specific requirements for keeping an animal:
Creating a microclimate.
The room where the rodent lives needs to be aired in the summer, protecting it from drafts, in the winter it is necessary to keep warm. The air temperature should be 17-20 degrees with relative humidity. A cage with a rodent should stand in a spacious room so that the animal does not feel a lack of oxygen.
The table below shows the optimal climate for domestic rodents.
Type of animal Age of the animal Room temperature (degrees) Humidity (%) Artificial lighting (lx)
Gray rat adult
Young growth 15-22
White Rat Adult
Young growth 18-22
Sunlight plays an important role in the development of domestic rats. It affects the growth, activity, physiological abilities, reproduction and mood of animals. Moreover, science has proved that the light from the lamps has the same effect as the sun’s rays. By nature, most rodents are active at night, so if in the daytime you notice apathy at your pet, refusal to eat, its cage should be covered with dark matter and create night conditions. For adaptation, it is not necessary to close the entire cage, leaving small areas with light, so that rodents get used to lighting faster.
Proper nutrition of rodents
It is best to choose a drinker in the form of a bottle, and a feeder a small plate, according to the size of your pet. The main nutrition of rats is a special food purchased at a pet store. It is enriched with all the necessary vitamins and minerals for the proper growth and development of the pet. Also, as a treat, rodents can be given apples, carrots, potatoes, cabbage, pears, celery.
Rats are clean animals that wash themselves. But if your animal is very dirty or emits an unpleasant odor, you can carry out water procedures. For swimming, you can use a special shampoo that will make your animal’s hair softer and brighter. You need to wash the rodent in a small container with water 4-5 cm at a water temperature of 30-35 degrees. Care must be taken to ensure that water or soap suds do not get into the eyes, ears and mouth of the pet. After bathing, the rodent should be thoroughly wiped with a towel so that it does not catch a cold, since rats are most often exposed to respiratory diseases.
Experts recommend trimming the claws of the animal only if they are long and prevent it from moving. Cut the claw carefully, without damaging the border of the claw bed. To do this, you need the help of someone close to hold the pet, and in good light you could carefully cut the claws. You need to trim them so that the inside is beveled inward. This allows you to maintain a natural shape and not cause trouble to your animal.
For a full life, rats need to be released from the cage for an hour or more daily. Let him run around the house or established loopholes, ropes. In warm weather, the animal can be taken out for a walk on the grass. Do not let the animal go unattended. It can run out onto the balcony or you simply step on it. Therefore, the animal should be under your watchful eye all the time during the walk.
A very important task in the presence of domestic rats is to clean his toilet. If you do not do it on time, then the evaporation from emptying will adversely affect the health of the pet. Therefore, it is worth regularly cleaning up the waste in the cage, washing it and using a special deodorant (available at any pet store) to eliminate an unpleasant odor. The cell itself must be disinfected so that harmful bacteria do not accumulate. And do not forget to clean the remains of sawdust, food or shreds of wool when cleaning.
It should be remembered that domestic rodents are not toys, they are living creatures, for which it is also necessary to perform high-quality care and give their affection and care. Properly feed your pet, regularly carry out hygiene activities, arrange daily walks around the house, and he will delight you with a good mood and activity. In case of any signs of the disease, do not delay, contact your veterinarian or write to our pharmacy online, our qualified staff will help answer all questions.