Diseases of the respiratory system in cats
Pets, in particular cats, as well as people can get sick with various diseases. Respiratory system disease can lead to respiratory failure, so it is important to know the symptoms and treatment. You also need to know how to provide first aid in order to save the life of your animal.
Consider a list of diseases of the respiratory system:
Rhinitis – inflammation of the nasal mucosa, which can occur in the primary form (infection with parasites, mechanical damage), in the secondary form (infection), be acute, chronic, catarrhal and follicular.
The primary form of rhinitis can occur due to the cooling of the animal’s body, when inhaling dust, smoke. In this case, the mucous membrane of the cat becomes dirty and swells, after which breathing becomes difficult. Chronic rhinitis has a tendency to reoccur. Inflammation can go to the larynx, pharynx.
With a primary form of the disease, the following symptoms can be observed: the cat sneezes, rubs its nose against the chest extremities, nasal discharge appears, with severe stuffiness, breathes through the mouth, sniffles, and starts to behave uneasily. Chronic rhinitis occurs for a long time with the manifestation of atrophy, erosion, ulceration, scarring on the mucosa. With croupous and follicular rhinitis, the animal is depressed, fever, shortness of breath appears.
You can diagnose the disease on the basis of history and symptoms.
For treatment, the cause of the disease should be eliminated. For this, a thorough treatment of the nose is carried out, the use of an antiseptic ointment for the mucosa, antibiotics are administered in powders in inhalation. For the purpose of prevention, the animal should be protected from possible causes of the disease, carefully monitor its nutrition, and strengthen the protective function of the body.
Laryngitis is an inflammatory process of the larynx that occurs after hypothermia, prolonged screeching, and mechanical damage.
A distinctive symptom of the disease is a painful, dry cough, which intensifies when leaving the room. With effective treatment, it disappears after 10 days. The chronic form of the disease alternates a period of improvement with periods of exacerbation of laryngitis.
To recover the animal, complex therapy is carried out, which includes not only the use of medicines, but also special care. To do this, you need to fence the cat from drafts, eliminate stress and overexcitation, follow a diet. Inside, take antibiotics and sulfonamides, irrigate the larynx with vegetable oils, conduct UV irradiation, UHF therapy.
Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane and submucosal tissue of the bronchi that occurs after a cold, when inhaling dust, smoke or polluted air.
The following symptoms may indicate that an animal has bronchitis: cough, rapid breathing, cramps in the muscles of the face, larynx, and fever. When listening, wheezing is heard, breathing is difficult. With a favorable course of the disease, the animal can be cured in 2 weeks, in severe cases, bronchitis develops into a chronic form in which the pet loses weight, physical activity weakens, shortness of breath is accompanied by severe coughing.
Diagnose the disease by visible signs and anamnesis, as well as make an x-ray.
For treatment, expectorants, bronchodilators are used, from cough you can take codeine, dionin. For effectiveness, antibiotics and sulfonamides of a wide spectrum of action are prescribed.
For the purpose of prevention, it is recommended to protect the animal from the possible causes of the disease, strengthen the immune system, temper, observe general hygiene measures.
Bronchopneumonia is an inflammatory process in the bronchi and lobules of the lungs. Most often develops in young or old animals.
The cause of the disease may be unfavorable hygienic conditions in which the animal is kept, exhaustion, stress, weakening of the protective function of the body, complication of acute bronchitis. A common cause of the disease can be drafts, hypothermia, the presence of other infections, high humidity, a dusty room.
You can recognize the disease by the following symptoms: fever, general malaise, decreased appetite, weight loss, cough, shortness of breath, dry, then wet rales. Anemia, gastrointestinal upsets, heart problems, and nasal discharge can also be observed.
Diagnosis is through data collection, examination, radiographs, and blood tests.
At the time of treatment, the animal should be protected from other pets, create calm conditions and daily care. For therapy, antibiotics, sulfanilamides, multivitamins, physiotherapy, symptomatic therapy, bronchodilators, expectorant drugs (theophylline, ephedrine, mucaltin, liquoriton, glycyram, plantaglucid, pertussin, terpinghydrate, sodium benzoate; inhalation – saventol, trabaltol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salbuentol, salvoentol .
Many diseases of the respiratory system can provoke a delay in breathing, in which the gum turns blue as a visible sign. It is very important at this moment to provide the animal with first aid.